The California Fair Political Practices Commission has released disclosure requirements for
cryptocurrency contributions to political candidates and committees.
The California Fair Political Practices Commission (FPPC) has updated its campaign disclosure manuals,
with revisions including detailed rules for cryptocurrency contributions declarations.
An agenda released for an upcoming commission meeting includes a discussion of updated
campaign disclosure manuals, which have been reworked to reflect recent changes to legislation and commission regulations.
The updates include campaign contribution limits, limited liability companies disclosure requirements,
behested payment reporting, cryptocurrency contributions, excessive contributions,
advertising disclosure requirements and other non-substantive technical changes.
Also included are guidelines for reporting cryptocurrency contributions.
According to the guidelines, a political committee may solicit a crypto contribution as a non-monetary
contribution subject to specific requirements. Cryptocurrency contributions are subject to applicable
limits and may not be accepted from foreign principals, lobbyists or anonymous sources.
Committees are also barred from receiving cryptocurrency contributions directly in peer-to-peer
transactions. Cryptocurrency contributions can be received through payment processors selected to
act as a vendor on behalf of the committee.
The commission also requires cryptocurrency donations to be made and received through
United States-based payment processors registered with the U.S. Department of Treasury and the
Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, which use Know Your Customer (KYC) protocols to verify the identities of contributors.
Committees that opt to solicit contributions in cryptocurrencies are expected to confirm that
respective cryptocurrency payment processors use KYC procedures to verify contributors’ identities.
The payment processors also need to collect the name, address, occupation and employer of respective
contributors and share this with committees within 24 hours of a contribution being made.
Payment processors are also expected to immediately convert cryptocurrency contributions to U.S.
dollars upon receipt at current exchange rates and deposit funds into the
committee’s campaign bank account within two business days of receipt.
Cryptocurrency contributions are labeled as non-monetary contributions under the commission
guidelines. Any processing fee paid to the processor is not deducted from the reported amount,
and the entire contribution must be reported by committees as a “miscellaneous increase to cash.”